Abbreviations

ABL – ablative

ACC – accusative

ACCEL – accelerative

ACT – action

ADJ – adjectival suffix

ADMON – admonitive

ADV – adverbial

ADVRS – adversative

AF – transitive subject focus

AFF – affirmative

AG – agent(ive)

AL – alienable

ALL – allative

ALT – alternative

ANT – anterior

APPR – approximative

ATTN – attenuative

ATTR  attributivizer

AUD – auditive

AUG – augmentative

CAR  caritive

CAUS – causative

COL  collective (numeral)

COM  comitative

COMP – comparative

CONAT – conative

CONC – concessive

COND  conditional

CONNEG – connegative

CONTR – contrastive

CVB – converb

DAT – dative

DEC  decausative

DEM – demonstrative

DRV – derivational

DEROG – derogative

DES – desiderative

DESIG  designative

DESN  desiderative noun

DIM  diminutive

DIR – directive

DIS – disjunction

DISC – discontinuative

DISPERS  dispersive

DIST – distributive

DISTL – distal

DIV  diversative

DP  discourse particle

DS – different subject

DU – dual

DUR – durative

E – Even loan

ELAT – elative

EMPH – emphatic

ESS – essive

EQU  equative

EV  evidential

EX – existential

EXC  exclusive

EXP – experiential

EXPR  expressive

FOC – focus

GEN – genitive

GNR – generic

FC – final consonant

FCI – free choice item

FREQ – frequentative

FUT – future

I – 1SG

IDEO  ideophone

IMP – imperative

IMPF – imperfective

IMPERS – impersonal

IN – inclusive

INALN  inalienable

INCH – inchoative

INDEF – indefinite

INF  infinitive

INST – instrumental

INTENT – intentional

INTER – interrogative

INTJ – interjection

INTR – intransitive

INTS – intensive

ITER  iterative

INVIS – invisible

JUSS  jussive

HAB – habitual

HESIT – hesitational

HORT – hortative

HPCR – hypocoristic

HYP – hypothetical

LAT  lative

LIM – limitative

LOC  locative

M – middle

MED – middle

MOD – modal

MODER  moderative

MULT – multiplicative

N – nominal suffix

NARR – narrative

NEC – necessitative 

NEG – negation

NMLZ – nominalization

NOM – nominative

NONFUT – non-future

NONPST  non-past

NUM – numeral

0 – epenthesis

OBJ – object

OBL – oblique

OF – object focus

ORD  ordinal numeral

OPT – optative

PART – partitive

PAS – passive

PEJ – pejorative

PERM – permissive

PF – perfective

PL – plural

PN  proper name

POL – polite

POSS – possessive

POST – posterior

POT – potential

PRED – predicative

PRES – present

PRIV – privative

PRHB – prohibitive

PROB – probabilitative

PROG – progressive

PROL  prolative

PRON – pronominal

PROPR – proprietive

PROV  pro-verb

PROX – proximal

PST – past

PTC – participle

PURP  purposive

R – Russian loan

REC – reciprocal

RED – reduplication

REFL – reflexive

REFR  refrain

REP  repetitive

RES  resultative

RESTR – restrictive

S – subject 

SBJV  subjunctive

SCAL – scalar

SEL – selective

SEM – semelfactive

SF – intransitive subject focus

SG  singular

SIM – simultaneous

SING  singulative

SML – similitive

STAT  stative

SS  same-subject

SUBJ – subject

SUPER – superlative

TEMP – temporal

TR – transitive

TRANS – translative

TRM – terminative

TRSF – transitive subject focus

V – verbal suffix

VISIB – visible

VOC – vocative

Y – Yakut loan