Northern Khanty

Muskrat

The adventures of an excessively confident muskrat.

Recorded in Katravozh in 1990 from Stepan Kelchin (born in 1915).

Speakers

  • mɔŋχ imi u-l. mɔŋχ imi u-l pa tŏwi-ji ji-s. χătl iśalt rŭwa χŏśa juŋk-ə-t wŭs-ə-t nɔpət-l-aj-ə-t, tŏwi jiŋk-i ji-s. a lŭw ńawrem-l-al ńawrem tăj-ti wer-ə-l u-l, ńawrem teχl-ə-l wŭ-s-li pa rŭwa sil-na wan jina naj χŏś-em iśalt tŏχi leśat-s-ə-lli. tŏχi leśat-s-ə-lli pa lŭw jiŋk sil-na nik ɔms-ə-s pa jiŋk sil-na ɔməs-l, ńawrem-l-al śiti χŏśŋ-el-na ńawrem teχl-ə-l ɔməs-l. aj-ə-t χŏl-na, ńar wɔj-ə-t. ij juŋk lɔpəs iki nɔpət-l-a. uj, juŋk iki pela itta mɔŋχ imi law-i-li-j-ə-l: “jir-em iki, naməlta-sək, naməlta-sək! ńawrem-l-am χɔt-ə-l, law-ə-l, al sukat-a.” ittam juŋk lɔpas iki neman wŭ-ti ńŏχl-ə-l, ittam mɔŋχ imi kŭr-l wŭ-ti sup-pi tăŋər-m-ə-l-a. uj, jijlap ăslap ur, law-ə-l, juŋk jir-em iki, law-ə-l, seŋk al jăraś-a, law-ə-l, i naj-ə-ŋ χătl wer-l-a pa χŏś lăl-l-ə-n pa năŋ-en χŏl-na wan-t-ew ănta itta, măn-em musməl-s-en, kŭr-li pajət-s-en. inwalit-ti ji-s-ə-m.”
    musk:rat woman be-NONPST musk:rat woman be-NONPST and spring-TRANS come-PST day in:front embankment to ice-0-PL opening-0-PL float-NONPST-PAS-0-3PL spring water-PROPR come-PST [but] 3 child-PL-3SG have-NMLZ.IMPF thing-0-3SG be-NONPST child nest-0-3SG take-PST-SG.3SG and embankment edge-LOC short DP sun to-1SG in:front to:there prepare-PST-0-SG.3SG to:there prepare-PST-0-SG.3SG and 3 water edge-LOC riverwards sit-0-PST and water edge-LOC sit-NONPST child-PL-3SG so side-3SG-LOC child nest-0-3SG sit-NONPST small-0-PL where-LOC fresh animal-0-PL one ice floe old:man float-NONPST-PAS INTJ ice old:man towards that musk:rat woman say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST grandfather-1SG old:man far-COMP far-COMP child-PL-1SG house-0-3SG say-0-NONPST NEG suffer-IMP that ice floe old:man purpose take-NMLZ.IMPF start:off-0-NONPST that musk:rat woman leg-3SG take-NMLZ.IMPF piece-LOC bite-INCH-0-NONPST-PAS INTJ INTJ INTJ forest say-0-NONPST ice grandfather-1SG old:man say-0-NONPST very NEG brag-IMP say-0-NONPST one sun-0-PROPR day make-NONPST-PAS and away melt-NONPST-0-3DU and 2SG-ACC/DAT where-LOC see-NMLZ.IMPF-1PL not:be DP 1SG-ACC/DAT wound-PST-SG.2SG leg-CAR take:down-PST-SG.2SG [invalid]-TRANS come-PST-0-1SG
    musk:rat женщина быть-NONPST musk:rat женщина быть-NONPST and spring-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ день in:front embankment к ice-0-МН opening-0-МН float-NONPST-ПАС-0-3МН spring вода-ПРОПР прийти-ПРОШ [но] 3 ребенок-МН-3ЕД have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ вещь-0-3ЕД быть-NONPST ребенок nest-0-3ЕД взять-ПРОШ-ЕД.3ЕД and embankment край-ЛОК short DP солнце к-1ЕД in:front to:there приготовить-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД to:there приготовить-ПРОШ-0-ЕД.3ЕД and 3 вода край-ЛОК riverwards сидеть-0-ПРОШ and вода край-ЛОК сидеть-NONPST ребенок-МН-3ЕД так сторона-3ЕД-ЛОК ребенок nest-0-3ЕД сидеть-NONPST маленький-0-МН где-ЛОК fresh животное-0-МН один ice floe старик float-NONPST-ПАС МЕЖД ice старик в:направлении тот musk:rat женщина сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST дед-1ЕД старик далеко-КОМП далеко-КОМП ребенок-МН-1ЕД дом-0-3ЕД сказать-0-NONPST НЕГ suffer-ИМП тот ice floe старик purpose взять-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ start:off-0-NONPST тот musk:rat женщина нога-3ЕД взять-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ piece-ЛОК кусать-ИНХ-0-NONPST-ПАС МЕЖД МЕЖД МЕЖД лес сказать-0-NONPST ice дед-1ЕД старик сказать-0-NONPST очень НЕГ brag-ИМП сказать-0-NONPST один солнце-0-ПРОПР день делать-NONPST-ПАС and прочь melt-NONPST-0-3ДВ and 2ЕД-АКК/ДАТ где-ЛОК видеть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-1МН not:be DP 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ wound-ПРОШ-ЕД.2ЕД нога-КАР take:down-ПРОШ-ЕД.2ЕД [invalid]-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ-0-1ЕД
    Once there lived a muskrat. There lived a muskrat, spring came. In the sun at the cliff ice floes were floating. The spring water had come. It had to take its children. It took the nest with the children and put it out into the warmth of the sun, into the sun. It put it out and sat down at the edge of the water, it was sitting at the edge of the water, it was sitting next to its children in the nest. They were still young, naked animals. An old flat ice floe floated past. The muskrat said to old man ice floe: “Grandfather, farther away from the banks, farther away! Don’t shatter my children’s home.” Old man ice floe came nearer on purpose and cut off the muskrat’s legs. “Oh, the devil take it, old man ice-floe, I wish you no luck. There will be sunshine and you will melt away, we won’t see you anymore. You have wounded me now and left me without any legs. I have become an invalid.”
  • ɔj, naj-na χul-s-a, naj law-i-li-j-ə-l: “pa l'awət-l-ə-tən ki, nin śir-ə-n-na l'awət-l-ə-tən, ma χŏśaj-ə-m mŏla wer tăj-l-ə-tən?” a naj itta mɔŋχ imi pa naj pela ńuχm-ə-s: “naj imi, năŋ, law-ə-l, seŋk al jăraś-a, law-ə-l, i păləŋ χătl wer-l-a pa lăp tu-l-aj-ə-n pa mŭŋ năŋ-en wan-t-ew ănta.” t'ɔ, păləŋ-na χul-s-a: “pa niŋ, law-ə-l, l'awət-l-ə-ti ki, niŋ śir-ə-n-na l'awət-l-ə-ti, ma χŏśaj-ə-m mŏla wer tăj-l-ə-ti?” itta mɔŋχ imi pa ɔtwet-m-al: “năŋ păləŋ, law-ə-l, seŋk al jăraś-a, law-ə-l, i kew wɔt χătl wer-l-a pa χŏś pela pŏlət-l-aj-ə-n pa năŋ-en wan-t-ew ănta. lŭkki mănsil-l-aj-ə-n, lŭkki tɔχəl-l-aj-ə-n.” uj, kew jiri iki-na χul-s-a. kew jiri iki law-i-li-j-ə-l: “pa l'awət-l-ə-ti ki, niŋ śir-ə-n-na l'awət-l-a-ti, mŏla ma ma pŭrəś it-em-na mŏsa l'awət-l-ə-ti.” kew jiri jik pela pa ńuχm-ə-s pa “kew jiri iki, law-ə-l, seŋk, iśi mɔŋχ imi, kew jiri iki, law-ə-l, năŋ seŋk al jăraś-a, ŏχ păt-en, law-ə-l, ɔχsar iki-na tel pɔś-l-a, ti uś-l-en.” ɔj, ɔχsar iki-na χul-s-a, ɔχsar iki law-i-li-j-ə-l pa: “l'awət-l-ə-ti ki, niŋ śir-ə-n-na l'aw-l-ə-ti, mŏla ma χŏśaj-em χŏś jŏwərt-ə-l-ti?” ɔj, ittam mɔŋχ imi pa ɔbiditśa ătti: “ɔχsar, năŋ, law-ə-l, seŋk al jăraś-a, law-ə-l. χănti neŋχuj ătti ńɔl-ə-ŋ juχl-ə-l χŏśa tŏχi măn-l-ə-n, ńɔl-na χɔj-l-aj-ə-n pa śi răkən-l-ə-n pa năŋ χŏl-na uś-t-en ănta.” ej, jelən tŭta χănti im-eŋən ik-eŋən ŭl-l-ə-ŋən, ik-el law-ə-l, im-el pela law-i-li-j-ə-l: “uj, măn-em waj-em mŏsa sumət-ti sŏχ mij-a sa. ilampa welpəs-em-na wɔj ki ăn likm-ə-s, law-ə-l, śiməś χɔrpi lampa χŏti cuwstwujet-l-a.” “ja pa sumət-li-j-a, măn-a.”
    INTJ sun-LOC hear-PST-PAS sun say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST and rail-NONPST-0-2DU if 2DU way-0-2DU-LOC rail-NONPST-0-2DU 1SG to-0-1SG what thing have-NONPST-0-2DU [but] sun that musk:rat woman and sun towards speak-0-PST sun woman 2SG say-0-NONPST very NEG brag-IMP say-0-NONPST one cloud day make-NONPST-PAS and closed bring-NONPST-PAS-0-2SG and 1PL see-NMLZ.IMPF-1PL not:be [such] cloud-LOC hear-PST-PAS and 2PL say-0-NONPST rail-NONPST-0-2PL if 2PL way-0-PL-LOC rail-NONPST-0-2PL 1SG to-0-1SG what thing have-NONPST-0-2PL that musk:rat woman and [answer]-NMLZ.PF-3SG 2SG cloud say-0-NONPST very NEG brag-IMP say-0-NONPST one stone wind day make-NONPST-PAS and away towards scatter-NONPST-PAS-0-2SG and 2SG-ACC/DAT see-NMLZ.IMPF-1PL not:be in:different:directions tear-NONPST-PAS-0-2SG in:different:direction carry-NONPST-PAS-0-2SG INTJ stone grandfather old:man-LOC hear-PST-PAS stone grandfather old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST and rail-NONPST-0-2PL if 2PL way-0-2PL-LOC rail-NONPST-0-2PL what 1SG 1SG old as-1SG-LOC what rail-NONPST-0-2PL stone grandfather boy towards and speak-0-PST and stone grandfather old:man say-0-NONPST very same musk:rat woman stone grandfather old:man say-0-NONPST 2SG very NEG brag-IMP head bottom-2SG say-0-NONPST fox old:man full soil-NONPST-PAS to:here find-NONPST-SG.2SG INTJ fox old:man-LOC hear-PST-PAS fox old:man say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST and rail-NONPST-0-2PL if 2PL way-0-2PL-LOC rail-NONPST-0-2PL what 1SG to-1SG away demand-0-NONPST-2PL INTJ that musk:rat woman and [will:take:offence] DP fox 2SG say-0-NONPST very NEG brag-IMP say-0-NONPST Ostyak person DP arrow-0-PROPR bow-0-3SG to to:there go-NONPST-0-2SG arrow-LOC catch-NONPST-PAS-0-2SG and DP tumble-NONPST-0-2SG and 2SG where-LOC find-NMLZ.IMPF-2SG not:be INTJ at:home there Ostyak woman-DU old:man-DU be-NONPST-0-3DU old:man-3SG say-0-NONPST woman-3SG towards say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST INTJ 1SG-ACC/DAT boot-1SG what dress-NMLZ.IMPF hide give-IMP perhaps trap-1SG-LOC animal if NEG turn:up-0-PST say-0-NONPST such like similar how [feel]-NONPST-PAS INTJ and dress-IMPF-FREQ-IMP go-IMP
    МЕЖД солнце-ЛОК слышать-ПРОШ-ПАС солнце сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and rail-NONPST-0-2ДВ if 2ДВ way-0-2ДВ-ЛОК rail-NONPST-0-2ДВ 1ЕД к-0-1ЕД что вещь have-NONPST-0-2ДВ [но] солнце тот musk:rat женщина and солнце в:направлении говорить-0-ПРОШ солнце женщина 2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST очень НЕГ brag-ИМП сказать-0-NONPST один cloud день делать-NONPST-ПАС and closed принести-NONPST-ПАС-0-2ЕД and 1МН видеть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-1МН not:be [such] cloud-ЛОК слышать-ПРОШ-ПАС and 2МН сказать-0-NONPST rail-NONPST-0-2МН if 2МН way-0-МН-ЛОК rail-NONPST-0-2МН 1ЕД к-0-1ЕД что вещь have-NONPST-0-2МН тот musk:rat женщина and [answer]-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД 2ЕД cloud сказать-0-NONPST очень НЕГ brag-ИМП сказать-0-NONPST один камень wind день делать-NONPST-ПАС and прочь в:направлении scatter-NONPST-ПАС-0-2ЕД and 2ЕД-АКК/ДАТ видеть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-1МН not:be in:different:directions рвать-NONPST-ПАС-0-2ЕД in:different:direction нести-NONPST-ПАС-0-2ЕД МЕЖД камень дед старик-ЛОК слышать-ПРОШ-ПАС камень дед старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and rail-NONPST-0-2МН if 2МН way-0-2МН-ЛОК rail-NONPST-0-2МН что 1ЕД 1ЕД старый as-1ЕД-ЛОК что rail-NONPST-0-2МН камень дед boy в:направлении and говорить-0-ПРОШ and камень дед старик сказать-0-NONPST очень same musk:rat женщина камень дед старик сказать-0-NONPST 2ЕД очень НЕГ brag-ИМП голова bottom-2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST лиса старик full soil-NONPST-ПАС to:here найти-NONPST-ЕД.2ЕД МЕЖД лиса старик-ЛОК слышать-ПРОШ-ПАС лиса старик сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and rail-NONPST-0-2МН if 2МН way-0-2МН-ЛОК rail-NONPST-0-2МН что 1ЕД к-1ЕД прочь demand-0-NONPST-2МН МЕЖД тот musk:rat женщина and [will:take:offence] DP лиса 2ЕД сказать-0-NONPST очень НЕГ brag-ИМП сказать-0-NONPST Ostyak человек DP стрела-0-ПРОПР лук-0-3ЕД к to:there идти-NONPST-0-2ЕД стрела-ЛОК catch-NONPST-ПАС-0-2ЕД and DP tumble-NONPST-0-2ЕД and 2ЕД где-ЛОК найти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-2ЕД not:be МЕЖД at:home там Ostyak женщина-ДВ старик-ДВ быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ старик-3ЕД сказать-0-NONPST женщина-3ЕД в:направлении сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST МЕЖД 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ сапог-1ЕД что платье-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ прятать дать-ИМП perhaps trap-1ЕД-ЛОК животное if НЕГ turn:up-0-ПРОШ сказать-0-NONPST such любить similar как [feel]-NONPST-ПАС МЕЖД and платье-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-ИМП идти-ИМП
    The sun heard that, the sun said: “If you’re going to fight, fight yourselves, what have I got to do with it?” Then the musk-rat answered again: “You, cloud, I wish you no luck. From the Urals a windy day will come and scatter you. We won’t see you anymore. It will tear you to bits: “If you’re going to fight, fight yourselves, what have I got to do with it?” But the musk-rat said to the sun: “Mother Sun, I wish you no luck. There will be a cloudy day and it will cover you and we won’t see you anymore.” Well, the cloud heard this and it will tear you to pieces.” Old man Ural heard this. Old man Ural said: “If you’re going to fight, fight yourselves, you’re swearing at me because I’m old.” The muskrat said again to old man Ural: “Old man Ural, I wish you no luck. Old man fox will soil your head, you know.” Old man fox heard this, old man fox said: “If you’re going to fight, fight yourselves, why do you bother me?” The muskrat was offended again. “Fox, I wish you no luck,” it said, “the Khanty people will come with bow and arrows and shoot you with the arrows, you’ll drop and not even know it.” But in the house there there lived an old Khanty man and woman. The old man said to the old woman: “Give me some skin to wear. Maybe an animal has fallen into the trap. I’ve got this feeling.” She said: “Get dressed and go.”
  • ɔj, tŏχi jŏχt-ə-s pa tŏχi et-ə-s pa, ɔj, itta strel'ajəl-na ɔχsar χɔj-ə-m pa śi răkəm-m-al. ɔj, nŏχ alem-ə-l-li pa sapəl wŭlti ewət-l-ə-lli pa jŏχi sus-l. “ɔj, imi, law-ə-l, ittam năŋ-en, law-ə-l, wɔrɔtńik sŏχ mŏśat-s-em, măn-em, law-ə-l, semtur mŏśat-s-em, law-ə-l, tŏwi-ji ji-l, sem-l-am lăp jir-l-ə-llam pa tŏwi wɔt-na ăn wɔt-l-aj-ə-t.” śi śŭń-ə-l χul-ə-l-na śi ɔχsar im-el ti wɔt-ə-l pil-na itta jăŋχ-ə-l.
    INTJ to:there arrive-0-PST and to:there come:forth-0-PST and that [arrow]-LOC fox catch-0-NMLZ.PF and DP tumble-NMLZ.PF-3SG INTJ up lift-0-NONPST-SG.3SG and neck across cut-NONPST-0-SG.3SG and homewards step-NONPST INTJ woman say-0-NONPST DP 2SG-ACC/DAT say-0-NONPST [collar] hide get-PST-SG.3SG 1SG-ACC/DAT say-0-NONPST fur:cap get-PST-SG.3SG spring-TRANS come-NONPST eye-PL-1SG closed tie-NONPST-0-PL.1SG and spring wind-LOC NEG blow-NONPST-PAS-0-3PL DP wealth-0-3SG prosperity-0-3SG-LOC FOC fox woman-3SG to:here wind-0-3SG companion-LOC DP walk-0-3SG
    МЕЖД to:there прибыть-0-ПРОШ and to:there come:forth-0-ПРОШ and тот [стрела]-ЛОК лиса catch-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ and DP tumble-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД МЕЖД вверх lift-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД and neck через резать-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД and homewards шаг-NONPST МЕЖД женщина сказать-0-NONPST DP 2ЕД-АКК/ДАТ сказать-0-NONPST [collar] прятать получить-ПРОШ-ЕД.3ЕД 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ сказать-0-NONPST fur:cap получить-ПРОШ-ЕД.3ЕД spring-TRANS прийти-NONPST глаз-МН-1ЕД closed связать-NONPST-0-МН.1ЕД and spring wind-ЛОК НЕГ дуть-NONPST-ПАС-0-3МН DP wealth-0-3ЕД prosperity-0-3ЕД-ЛОК ФОК лиса женщина-3ЕД to:here wind-0-3ЕД товарищ-ЛОК DP идти-0-3ЕД
    He got there, came up and shot with the arrow. It hit the fox, it dropped. He picked it up, cut its throat, walked home. “Wife,” he said, “I found you a skin now for a collar. For myself I’ve found a visor for the eyes. Spring will come, I’ll tie up the eyes and the spring wind won’t blow through them.” The fox was really good for the wind.