Northern Khanty

Sawas and the three Por woman

A folktale focusing on an old man bewitched by three evil women.

Sawas, an old man living alone, is very good at catching fish and meat. However, every time he cooks the caught food, it disappears. He soon realises that he has been bewitched by the three Por women. He hatches a malicious plan to teach them a lesson.

Recording: The story was recorded in Katravozh in 1990 by Irina Nikolaeva.

Speakers

  • sawəs χuj u-s. pun wer-ə-s. pun wer-ti jăŋχ-ə-l śikəńśa, pun-l jetś-ə-l. a χuləm pŏr-niŋ u-s-ə-t. χŭləm pŏr-niŋ ătti sawəs χuj wan-m-al tăj-l-ə-lli, χŭnti χŭl wel-ə-l. itta sawəs χuj măn-l, pun aləŋ săχat want-l. pun-l wan-ti măn-l pa śikəńśa ătti kat pańńiŋ wel-ə-l. kat pańńiŋ wel-ə-l pa śikəńśa jŏχi tu-l-li, ewət-l-ə-lli, pŭt-na kawər-l-ə-lli. pŭt-na kawər-l-ə-lli śikəńśa itta, sawəs iki śikəńśa kim măn-ti pŏraj-ə-l jŏχət-l. nu, śi itta pŭt śikəńśa jets-ə-l. pŭt jets-ə-l itta, sawəs jɔχ ăsa jŏχət-l-ə-t. χuj itta śikəńśa ătti kim et-l pa śikəńśa ătti zakŏldujet-l-a, itta sawəs χuj śikəńśa mŭw-na il tuχərl-ə-l. itta sawəs χuj śikəńśa ătti kɔt'ɔl-ə-l śikəńśa ătti pŏr-niŋ-ə-t-na isŭkliji li-l-a.
    Sawas man be-PST fish:trap make-0-PST fish:trap make-NMLZ.IMPF go-0-NONPST DP fish:trap-3SG finish-0-NONPST [but] three Por-woman be-PST-0-3PL three Por-woman DP Sawas man see-NMLZ.PF-3SG have-NONPST-0-SG.3SG when fish kill-0-3SG that Sawas man go-NONPST fish:trap morning time see-NONPST fish:trap-3SG see-NMLZ.IMPF go-NONPST and DP DP two burbot kill-0-NONPST two burbot kill-0-NONPST and DP homewards bring-NONPST-SG.3SG cut-NONPST-0-SG.3SG pot-LOC cook-NONPST-0-SG.3SG pot-LOC cook-NONPST-0-SG.3SG DP DP Sawas old:man out go-NMLZ.IMPF time-0-3SG arrive-NONPST INTJ DP that pot DP finish-0-NONPST pot finish DP Sawas man all arrive-NONPST-0-3PL man DP DP DP out come:forth-NONPST and DP DP [bewitch]-NONPST-PAS that Sawas man DP land-LOC down stick-0-NONPST that Sawas man DP DP [pot]-0-3SG DP DP Por-woman-0-PL-LOC everything eat-NONPST-PAS
    Sawas мужчина быть-ПРОШ fish:trap делать-0-ПРОШ fish:trap делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ идти-0-NONPST DP fish:trap-3ЕД закончить-0-NONPST [но] три Por-женщина быть-ПРОШ-0-3МН три Por-женщина DP Sawas мужчина видеть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД have-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД когда рыба убить-0-3ЕД тот Sawas мужчина идти-NONPST fish:trap утро время видеть-NONPST fish:trap-3ЕД видеть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ идти-NONPST and DP DP два burbot убить-0-NONPST два burbot убить-0-NONPST and DP homewards принести-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД резать-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД pot-ЛОК варить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД pot-ЛОК варить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД DP DP Sawas старик из идти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ время-0-3ЕД прибыть-NONPST МЕЖД DP тот pot DP закончить-0-NONPST pot закончить DP Sawas мужчина весь прибыть-NONPST-0-3МН мужчина DP DP DP из come:forth-NONPST and DP DP [bewitch]-NONPST-ПАС тот Sawas мужчина DP земля-ЛОК down больной-0-NONPST тот Sawas мужчина DP DP [pot]-0-3ЕД DP DP Por-женщина-0-МН-ЛОК everything есть-NONPST-ПАС
    Once upon a time there lived Sawas. He put in a fishtrap. He went to put in a fishtrap and got his fish trap ready. There were three Por women. The three Por women watched while Sawas was fishing. Old man Sawas went out in the morning to look at the fishtrap. He went out to look at his fishtrap and caught two burbots. He caught two burbots, took them home, cleaned them and cooked them in a pot. He cooked them in a pot and old man Sawas had to step outside. The pot was boiling. The pot was boiling, all of Sawas’ people came. Old man Sawas had stepped outside and was bewitched. He was stuck to the earth. The Por women ate up all of Sawas’ pot.
  • isŭkliji li-l-a, śikəńśa itta pŏr-niŋ-ə-t măn-ti pit-l-ə-t. pŏr-niŋ-ə-t măn-l-ə-t, śikəńśa itta sawəs χuj nŏχ lɔj-ə-l. tŏχi jŏχət-l pa śikəńśa sawəs χuj ătti ăt-l-al ăntam-ə-t. pŭt-l uže ăntam, ăsa liw-ə-m. śikəńśa numəs-ij-ə-l: “pa jis-na năŋ-en pa śir-na leśat-l-ə-m.” itta sawəs χuj jăŋχ-ə-l, kimət pun-l sup-ə-l kimət χătl pa wan-l-ə-lli. wŭl pańńiŋ iki wel-ə-l, jŏχi tu-l-li, ittam śikəńśa wŭ-l-li, śiti ătti lăsk-ə-l-li. a sam măn-l. śikəńśa itta pŏr-niŋ-ə-t alem-ə-l-a pa śikəńśa pŏr-niŋ-ə-t χɔt tu-l-a. pŏr-niŋ-ə-t śikəńśa ătti măksaj-en ătti pańńiŋ pŭt śikəńśa tup jets-ə-ti kum-ə-l ănta, numəlta śŏχəl wŭs ewəlt itta sawəs χuj śikəńśa ătti krucɔk wer-l pa isŭkliji nŏχ tal-l-ə-lal.
    everything eat-NONPST-PAS DP that Por-woman-0-PL go-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-3PL Por-woman-0-PL go-NONPST-0-3PL DP that Sawas man up stand-0-NONPST to:there arrive-NONPST and DP Sawas man DP think-PL-3SG not:be-0-3PL pot-3SG [already] not:be all eat-0-NMLZ.PF DP think-FREQ-0-NONPST and time-LOC 2SG-ACC/DAT and way-LOC prepare-NONPST-0-1SG that Sawas man walk-0-NONPST two.ORD fish:trap-3SG piece-0-3SG two.ORD day and see-NONPST-0-SG.3SG big burbot old:man kill-0-NONPST homewards bring-NONPST-SG.3SG DP DP take-NONPST-SG.3SG so DP throw-0-NONPST-SG.3SG [but] [self] go-NONPST DP that Por-woman-0-PL lift-0-NONPST-PAS and DP Por-woman-0-PL house bring-NONPST-PAS Por-woman-0-PL DP DP liver-2SG DP burbot pot DP only finish-0-NMLZ.IMPF time-0-3SG not:be from:above board opening from that Sawas man DP DP [hook] make-NONPST and everything up pull-NONPST-0-PL.3PL
    everything есть-NONPST-ПАС DP тот Por-женщина-0-МН идти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-3МН Por-женщина-0-МН идти-NONPST-0-3МН DP тот Sawas мужчина вверх стоять-0-NONPST to:there прибыть-NONPST and DP Sawas мужчина DP think-МН-3ЕД not:be-0-3МН pot-3ЕД [уже] not:be весь есть-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ DP think-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and время-ЛОК 2ЕД-АКК/ДАТ and way-ЛОК приготовить-NONPST-0-1ЕД тот Sawas мужчина идти-0-NONPST два.ОРД fish:trap-3ЕД piece-0-3ЕД два.ОРД день and видеть-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД большой burbot старик убить-0-NONPST homewards принести-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД DP DP взять-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД так DP бросать-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД [но] [сам] идти-NONPST DP тот Por-женщина-0-МН lift-0-NONPST-ПАС and DP Por-женщина-0-МН дом принести-NONPST-ПАС Por-женщина-0-МН DP DP liver-2ЕД DP burbot pot DP only закончить-0-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ время-0-3ЕД not:be сверху доска opening от тот Sawas мужчина DP DP [hook] делать-NONPST and everything вверх тянуть-NONPST-0-МН.3МН
    They ate everything up and the Por women decided to go out. The Por women went out, old man Sawas stood up. He went there, but they were gone. The pot was also gone, they had eaten everything. He thought: “Fine, the next time I’ll deal with you differently.” The next day old man Sawas went out to check on the second fishtrap. He caught a big, old burbot, brought it home, took it and three it. He himself went out. The Por women grabbed it and carried it home. At the Por women’s place the pot with the burbot had hardly begun to boil, some time passed, old man Sawas made a hook from above and pulled the whole liver up through an opening in the boards.
  • śikəńśa itta sawəs χuj śikəńśa jămsiji pańńiŋ pŭt-l jets-ə-l, li-ti pit-l-ə-t măksaj-l-al už ăntam-ə-t. śikəńśa numəs-l: “ladnɔ, čɔrt s nim”. itta sawəs χuj măn-l, śikəńśa pa kimət-ti măn-l śikəńśa, itta sawəs χuj śikəńśa ătti tăm pŏrniŋ-ə-t-na śikəńśa pa il χănal-l-a. pa il χănal-l-a śikəńśa, tŏχi jăχ-l-ə-t pa śikəńśa itta mŏla wɔj ńŏχa u-s, isŭkliji tŏχi at-l-lal. kimət-ti pa jŏχət-l-ə-t pa śikəńśa iśiti wer-l. ńŏχa pŭl-l-al ăsa isŭkliji nŏχ tal-l-aj-ə-t, tămi-l-al talti χiś-l-ə-t.
    DP that Sawas man DP well burbot pot-3SG finish-0-NONPST eat-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-3PL liver-PL-3SG [already] not:be-0-3PL DP think-NONPST [okay to:hell with it] that Sawas man go-NONPST DP and two.ORD-TRANS go-NONPST DP that Sawas man DP DP this Por-woman-PL-LOC DP and down bewitch-NONPST-PAS and down bewitch-NONPST-PAS DP to:there walk-NONPST-0-3PL and DP that what animal flesh be-PST all to:there drag-NONPST-PL.3PL two.ORD-TRANS and arrive-NONPST-0-3PL and DP likewise make-NONPST flesh morsel-PL-3SG all everything up pull-NONPST-PAS-0-3PL this-PL-3SG empty:handed remain:behind-NONPST-0-3PL
    DP тот Sawas мужчина DP хорошо burbot pot-3ЕД закончить-0-NONPST есть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-3МН liver-МН-3ЕД [уже] not:be-0-3МН DP think-NONPST [okay to:hell с этот] тот Sawas мужчина идти-NONPST DP and два.ОРД-TRANS идти-NONPST DP тот Sawas мужчина DP DP этот Por-женщина-МН-ЛОК DP and down bewitch-NONPST-ПАС and down bewitch-NONPST-ПАС DP to:there идти-NONPST-0-3МН and DP тот что животное flesh быть-ПРОШ весь to:there drag-NONPST-МН.3МН два.ОРД-TRANS and прибыть-NONPST-0-3МН and DP likewise делать-NONPST flesh morsel-МН-3ЕД весь everything вверх тянуть-NONPST-ПАС-0-3МН этот-МН-3ЕД empty:handed remain:behind-NONPST-0-3МН
    The pot started to boil, they came to eat, but the liver was already gone. They thought: “So, the hell with it.” Old man Sawas went out again, the next day he went and the Por women bewitched him again. They bewitched him again, they came there, some kind of animal meat, they dragged everything there. They came a second time, but he did the same thing. He carried off the pieces of meat, they remained without anything.