Northern Khanty

The wonderful son

A traditional folktale telling the story of a very poor couple and their wonderful son.

In the outskirt of a city, live a very poor man and his wife. One day, the wife gives birth to a son. As he grows the son spends more and more time in the forest and slowly becomes the owner of herds of cattle. This makes him rich and he ends up marrying the tsar’s daughter.

Recording: The story was recorded in Katravozh in 1990 by Irina Nikolaeva.

Speakers

  • ma pit-l-ə-m. nu, i mɔś sup tăj-l-em. kurt ɔləŋ-na ul-li-l-ə-ŋən wɔs ɔləŋ-na ul-li-l-ə-ŋən nŭsa neŋχuj-ŋən śi ul-l-ə-ŋən, ul-l-ə-ŋən. wɔj ăn mŏśat-l-ə-ŋən, χŭl ăn mŏśat-l-ə-ŋən ul-l-ə-ŋən, ul-l-ə-ŋən lŏχi tɔŋχa. mŏsa liw-man alt ul-li-l-ə-ŋən. χɔn χŏśa tɔŋχa jăχ-l-ə-ŋən. i kŭt ewəlt jɔχ ńawrem tăj-l-ə-ŋən. ńawrem tăj-ti pit-l-ə-ŋən, i imi law-i-li-t-al: “ma itta ńawrem tăj-ti lŏχi pit-l-ə-m.” iki law-ə-l itta: “jesək sɔrńi! ńawrem tăj-ti pit-l-ə-mən pa mŏlaj-na lapət-l-em?” śi kem-na im-el law-ə-l itta ănti: “mŏla-ji χɔll-ə-l-ə-n, χuri-l-ə-n? mŏsa min ńɔŋχəl-emən pa lŭw, śit śi li-ti pit-l.” nu śikəńśa, ul-l-ə-ŋən. śiti ul-li-l-ə-ŋən, nemŏsa ăn tăj-l-ə-ŋən, χŭj-ti lɔt ăn tăj-l-ə-ŋən, nemŏsa ăn tăj-l-ə-ŋən, śiti χŏtaś tɔŋχa ul-l-ə-ŋən. mŏla sit-i-li-t-an-na, χɔn-na mŏlaj-na mă-te-m-an-na śit lawənt-ə-l-ŋən.
    1SG start-NONPST-0-1SG INTJ one story piece have-NONPST-SG.1SG village first-LOC be-IMPF-NONPST-0-3DU town first-LOC be-IMPF-NONPST-0-3DU poor person-DU DP be-NONPST-0-3DU be-NONPST-0-3DU fat NEG get-NONPST-0-3DU fish NEG get-NONPST-0-3DU be-NONPST-0-3DU be-NONPST-0-3DU wretched DP what eat-CVB only be-IMPF-NONPST-0-3DU king to DP walk-NONPST-0-3DU one interval from boy child have-NONPST-0-3DU child have-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-3DU one woman say-0-IMPF-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG 1SG DP child have-NMLZ.IMPF wretched start-NONPST-0-1SG old:man say-0-NONPST holy gold child have-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-1DU and what-LOC feed-NONPST-0-SG.1SG DP after-LOC woman-3SG say-0-NONPST DP DP what-TRANS cry-NONPST-0-2SG worry-NONPST-0-2SG what 1DU dirt-1DU and 3 so eat-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST INTJ DP be-NONPST-0-3DU so be-IMPF-NONPST-0-3DU nothing NEG have-NONPST-0-3DU sleep-NMLZ.IMPF place NEG have-NONPST-0-3DU nothing NEG have-NONPST-0-3DU so how DP live-NONPST-0-3DU what get-0-IMPF-NMLZ.IMPF-3DU-LOC what king-LOC what-LOC give-TR-NMLZ.PF-3DU-LOC so eat-0-NONPST-3DU
    1ЕД начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД МЕЖД один story piece have-NONPST-ЕД.1ЕД village первый-ЛОК быть-ИМПФ-NONPST-0-3ДВ город первый-ЛОК быть-ИМПФ-NONPST-0-3ДВ poor человек-ДВ DP быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ толстый НЕГ получить-NONPST-0-3ДВ рыба НЕГ получить-NONPST-0-3ДВ быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ wretched DP что есть-КОНВ only быть-ИМПФ-NONPST-0-3ДВ king к DP идти-NONPST-0-3ДВ один interval от boy ребенок have-NONPST-0-3ДВ ребенок have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-3ДВ один женщина сказать-0-ИМПФ-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД 1ЕД DP ребенок have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ wretched начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД старик сказать-0-NONPST священный gold ребенок have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-1ДВ and что-ЛОК кормить-NONPST-0-ЕД.1ЕД DP после-ЛОК женщина-3ЕД сказать-0-NONPST DP DP что-TRANS плакать-NONPST-0-2ЕД worry-NONPST-0-2ЕД что 1ДВ dirt-1ДВ and 3 так есть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST МЕЖД DP быть-NONPST-0-3ДВ так быть-ИМПФ-NONPST-0-3ДВ ничего НЕГ have-NONPST-0-3ДВ спать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ место НЕГ have-NONPST-0-3ДВ ничего НЕГ have-NONPST-0-3ДВ так как DP жить-NONPST-0-3ДВ что получить-0-ИМПФ-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ДВ-ЛОК что king-ЛОК что-ЛОК дать-TR-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ДВ-ЛОК так есть-0-NONPST-3ДВ
    I am starting. I know one story. At the edge of the village, at the edge of the town poor people lived. They lived and lived. They did not catch game, they did not catch fish. They lived, the poor people lived. They lived, of course, eating a little something. It seems they went to the tsar. One day a baby was on its way. A baby was on its way, the wife said: “I’m going to have a baby.” The husband said: “My God! There’s going to be a child, what shall I feed it with?” Then the wife said: “Why are you crying, are you afraid? He is our flesh and blood, he’ll have something to eat.” They lived on. As they lived, they had nothing, they had no place to sleep, they had nothing, they just lived. What they earned, what the tsar gave them, they ate.
  • nu, tɔŋχa wan ul-l-ə-ŋən, χŭw ul-l-ə-ŋən. ńawrem-l wŭl-li ji-l, ńŏχəm-ti-t lŏwat ji-l. ńŏχəm-ti-t lŏwat ji-l pa śikəńśa ătti ɔm-el law-i-li-j-ə-l ănti: “ńawrem-emən, law-ə-l, śiti śi ur-na wŭrat-l ătti. wek kŭssi jelən ănt ul. ńawrem χŏti, law-ə-l, wɔs lipi-na măn-l pa ńawrem jɔχ-l-al pil-na at jănt-l.” śi kem-na aś-el law-i-l-ij-ə-l ănti: “al śiti ul-ti pit-l, law-ə-l, ul-m-emən ewəlt, law-ə-l, ma ănt uś-i-li-j-ə-m-ə-t-em, ma ăn want-i-li-j-ə-m-ə-t-em, mŏsa pa ńawrem-em-na want-l-a tɔŋχa.” śikəńśa itta imi śiti numəs-l: “ik-em mŏsa wek jina jăməs pŏtər-l. mŏsa pa jeləs ul-ti χătl śiti pit-l-ə-mən.” nu śikəńśa, itta ńawrem-iji mɔś χuj ar χuj ij eŋm-ə-l. ij eŋm-ə-l śikəńśa, śiti śi ur-na jăŋχ-ə-l. pa χătl-na măn-l pa i jŭχ kŭt ɔlŋ-ə-ś măn-l. pa χătl-na măn-l pa i jŭχ kŭt ɔlŋ-ə-ś măn-l. śiti χŭw-wi măn-ə-li-ti pit-ə-s. śikəńśa wɔj kalm-ə-t uś-ə-s. ur kălaŋ-ə-t jăχ-m-el.
    INTJ DP short live-NONPST-0-3DU long live-NONPST-0-3DU child-3SG big-TRANS come-NONPST run-NMLZ.IMPF-N size come-NONPST run-NMLZ.IMPF-N size come-NONPST and DP DP mother-3SG say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST DP child-1DU say-0-3SG so DP forest-LOC struggle-NONPST DP forever for at:home NEG be child who say-0-NONPST town inside-LOC go-NONPST and child man-PL-3SG companion-LOC OPT play-NONPST DP after-LOC father-3SG say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST DP very:much so be-NMLZ.IMPF start-3SG be-NMLZ.PF-1DU from say-0-3SG 1SG NEG find-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NMLZ.PF-0-N-1SG 1SG NEG see-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NMLZ.PF-0-N-1SG what and child-1SG-LOC see-NONPST-PAS DP DP that woman think-NONPST old:man what forever indeed well speak-NONPST what and ahead be-NMLZ.IMPF day so fall-NONPST-0-1DU INTJ DP that child-DIM story man song man one grow-0-NONPST one grow-0-NONPST DP so FOC forest-LOC walk-0-NONPST and day-LOC go-NONPST and one tree through first-0-ADV go-NONPST and day-LOC go-NONPST and one tree through first-0-ADV go-NONPST so long-TRANS go-0-IMPF-NMLZ.IMPF start-0-PST DP animal footstep-0-PL find-0-PST wood reindeer-0-PL walk-NMLZ.PF-3PL
    МЕЖД DP short жить-NONPST-0-3ДВ длинный жить-NONPST-0-3ДВ ребенок-3ЕД большой-TRANS прийти-NONPST бежать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-N size прийти-NONPST бежать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-N size прийти-NONPST and DP DP мать-3ЕД сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP ребенок-1ДВ сказать-0-3ЕД так DP лес-ЛОК struggle-NONPST DP forever for at:home НЕГ быть ребенок кто сказать-0-NONPST город inside-ЛОК идти-NONPST and ребенок мужчина-МН-3ЕД товарищ-ЛОК OPT play-NONPST DP после-ЛОК отец-3ЕД сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP very:much так быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-3ЕД быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-1ДВ от сказать-0-3ЕД 1ЕД НЕГ найти-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-0-N-1ЕД 1ЕД НЕГ видеть-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-0-N-1ЕД что and ребенок-1ЕД-ЛОК видеть-NONPST-ПАС DP DP тот женщина think-NONPST старик что forever indeed хорошо говорить-NONPST что and вперед быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ день так fall-NONPST-0-1ДВ МЕЖД DP тот ребенок-ДИМ story мужчина песня мужчина один расти-0-NONPST один расти-0-NONPST DP так ФОК лес-ЛОК идти-0-NONPST and день-ЛОК идти-NONPST and один дерево через первый-0-ADV идти-NONPST and день-ЛОК идти-NONPST and один дерево через первый-0-ADV идти-NONPST так длинный-TRANS идти-0-ИМПФ-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-0-ПРОШ DP животное footstep-0-МН найти-0-ПРОШ wood олень-0-МН идти-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3МН
    They lived for a long time or a short time. Their child got big, started to run. He started to run, his mother said: “Our child always wants to go to the forest. He’s never at home. The child should go to town and play with little boys.” Then the father said: “Let him be. I didn’t know my own life. I didn’t see anything, maybe our child will see something” The wife thought: “My husband always tells the truth. We’ll keep on living the same way.” The little child grew like in a tale, like in a song. He grew and kept on going to the forest. He went the next day, went forward through the trees, the next day he went and again went forward through the trees. He started to go far. He found the tracks of wild animals. There were wild reindeer.
  • ur kălaŋ-ə-t jăχ-m-el śikəńśa ńawrem-l jŏχi jŏχət-l pa śikəńśa śiti li-ti wŭrat-l. “pa ur-na jăχ-ti ńawrem χŏn-l tal-ə-m-al pa mŏlaj-na lapət-l-emən?” śi kem-na śikəńśa ik-el pela law-t-al: “măn-i-li-j-a sa, χɔn χŏśa jăŋχ-a pa śiti law-a: min ńawrem-emən wŭl-li ji-s pa mŏsa pa, mŏsa pa năŋ-en ńɔt-ti lŏwat-ti χălewət wek ji-l.” nu, itta χɔn jel jŏχi numəs-ij-ə-s pa śita law-ə-l: “jina, law-ə-l. ul-m-en ewəlt sukaś-i-s-ə-n. ănta kepa mŏsaj-na mă-l-em.” itta iki lŏχi χir-l tel tewəl-l-a pɔrəχ lăsk-ə-l-li. itta jŏχi jŏχt-ə-pt-ə-l-li, itta ńawrem-l lapət-l-ə-llən. lapat-l-ə-llən pa śikəńśa pa ur-na măn-l. śiti-ji ur-na jăŋχ-ə-l.
    wood reindeer-0-PL walk-NMLZ.PF-3PL DP child-NONPST homewards arrive-NONPST and DP so eat-NMLZ.IMPF struggle-NONPST and forest-LOC go-NMLZ.IMPF child stomach-3SG pull-0-NMLZ.PF-3SG and what –LOC feed-NONPST-SG.1DU DP after-LOC DP old:man-3SG towards say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG go-0-IMPF-FREQ-IMP only king to walk-IMP and so say-IMP 1DU child-1DU big-TRANS come-PST and what and what and 1SG-ACC/DAT help-NMLZ.IMPF size-TRANS tomorrow forever come-NONPST INTJ DP king ahead homewards think-FREQ-0-PST and there say-0-NONPST indeed say-0-NONPST be-NMLZ.PF-2SG from suffer-FREQ-PST-2SG NEG only what-LOC give-NONPST-1SG DP old:man wretched bag-3SG full fill-NONPST-PAS shoulder throw-0-NONPST-SG.3SG DP homewards arrive-0-CAUS-0-NONPST-SG.3SG that child-3SG feed-NONPST-SG.3DU feed-NONPST-0-SG.3DU and DP and forest-LOC go-NONPST so-TRANS forest-LOC walk-0-NONPST
    wood олень-0-МН идти-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3МН DP ребенок-NONPST homewards прибыть-NONPST and DP так есть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ struggle-NONPST and лес-ЛОК идти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ ребенок stomach-3ЕД тянуть-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД and что –ЛОК кормить-NONPST-ЕД.1ДВ DP после-ЛОК DP старик-3ЕД в:направлении сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД идти-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-ИМП only king к идти-ИМП and так сказать-ИМП 1ДВ ребенок-1ДВ большой-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ and что and что and 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ помогать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ size-TRANS завтра forever прийти-NONPST МЕЖД DP king вперед homewards think-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ and там сказать-0-NONPST indeed сказать-0-NONPST быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-2ЕД от suffer-ФРЕКВ-ПРОШ-2ЕД НЕГ only что-ЛОК дать-NONPST-1ЕД DP старик wretched bag-3ЕД full fill-NONPST-ПАС shoulder бросать-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД DP homewards прибыть-0-CAUS-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД тот ребенок-3ЕД кормить-NONPST-ЕД.3ДВ кормить-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ДВ and DP and лес-ЛОК идти-NONPST так-TRANS лес-ЛОК идти-0-NONPST
    There were wild reindeer. He came home and wanted to eat. “The forest-going child’s stomach is empty. With what shall we feed it?” She said to her husband: “Come, to the tsar and say ‘Our child has become big. He has grown so much that you should help with something tomorrow and ever after.’” The tsar thought about this and said: “Right. You have suffered all your life. Why shouldn’t I give something.” He placed a full sack on the poor old man. He slung it over his shoulder. He carried it home. They fed the child. They fed him, but he kept on going to the forest. He kept on going to the forest.
  • ur-na măn-l pa śikəńśa śi χɔrpi ur kălaŋ pɔχəl uś-ə-l. seŋk ar χŏti ănt u-l, χut lapət kem tɔŋχa. pɔχl-iji uś-l. itta ur kălaŋ pɔχəl śi lŭw pil-el-na śiti śi ńuχləs-ij-ə-l. śikəńśa śiti numəs-l itta ńawrem: “aś-em aŋk-em śiti law-i-li-j-ə-s: ur-na wɔj ăntam, χŭl ăntam pa ur-na wɔj-ə-t χŭl-ə-t śi ul-li-t-el.” ja at-ul. śikəńśa śiti wɔj-l-al umśa-l-ə-lli, śiti ăsat umśa-l-ə-lli wan umśa-l-ə-lli, χŭw umśa-l-ə-lli, ăsat lŭw-el wek wan-na tăj-ti pit-s-el. kak mŏtti iti esl-ij-ə-m taś-l χɔrpi. nu śikəńśa, itta wɔj-i-l-al lŭw χɔt-l tŭmpina-sək. śita-sək śi ul-l-ə-t. nu śikəńśa, wɔj-ə-t iśi tɔŋχa iśi rut-ə-man tiw-i-li-j-ə-m-ə-t. wɔj-l-al pa śikəńśa pŏsχanti-l-ə-t, śiti jeləś eŋəm-l-ə-t. itta χuj mɔś χuj ar χuj uze wŭl-li ji-ti pit-ə-s. wŭl-li ji-s uze, aś-en pălat-ti wanam-ə-s. nu śikəńśa, śiti jăŋχ-i-li-t-al ewəlt itta taś-l pɔχəl wek kŭssi wŭl-li ji-l.
    wood-LOC go-3SG and DP DP like forest reindeer herd find-0-NONPST very much how NEG be-NONPST six seven after DP herd-DIM find-NONPST DP forest reindeer herd FOC 3 companion-3SG-LOC so FOC chase-FREQ-0-NONPST DP so think-NONPST DP child father-1SG mother-1SG so say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-PST forest-LOC animal not:be fish not:be and forest-LOC animal-0-PL fish-0-PL FOC be-IMPF-NMLZ.IMPF-3PL DP ever DP so animal-PL-3SG caress-NONPST-0-SG.3SG so all caress-NONPST-0-SG.3SG short caress-NONPST-0-SG.3SG long caress-NONPST-0-SG.3SG all 3-ACC/DAT forever short-LOC have-NMLZ.IMPF become-PST-SG.3PL [so] something as release-FREQ-0-NMLZ.PF herd-3SG like INTJ DP that animal-DIM-PL-3SG 3 house-3SG behind-COMP there-COMP FOC be-NONPST-0-3PL INTJ DP animal-0-PL same DP same breed-0-CVB originate-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NMLZ.PF-0-N fat-PL-3SG and DP give:birth-NONPST-0-PL so ahead grow-NONPST-0-PL that man story man song man [already] big-TRANS come-NMLZ.IMPF start-0-PST big-TRANS come-PST [already] father-2SG height-TRANS near-0-PST INTJ DP so walk-0-IMPF-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG from that herd-3SG half forever for big-TRANS come-NONPST
    wood-ЛОК идти-3ЕД and DP DP любить лес олень herd найти-0-NONPST очень много как НЕГ быть-NONPST шесть семь после DP herd-ДИМ найти-NONPST DP лес олень herd ФОК 3 товарищ-3ЕД-ЛОК так ФОК chase-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP так think-NONPST DP ребенок отец-1ЕД мать-1ЕД так сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ лес-ЛОК животное not:be рыба not:be and лес-ЛОК животное-0-МН рыба-0-МН ФОК быть-ИМПФ-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3МН DP ever DP так животное-МН-3ЕД caress-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД так весь caress-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД short caress-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД длинный caress-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД весь 3-АКК/ДАТ forever short-ЛОК have-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ become-ПРОШ-ЕД.3МН [так] something as release-ФРЕКВ-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ herd-3ЕД любить МЕЖД DP тот животное-ДИМ-МН-3ЕД 3 дом-3ЕД за-КОМП там-КОМП ФОК быть-NONPST-0-3МН МЕЖД DP животное-0-МН same DP same breed-0-КОНВ originate-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-0-N толстый-МН-3ЕД and DP give:birth-NONPST-0-МН так вперед расти-NONPST-0-МН тот мужчина story мужчина песня мужчина [уже] большой-TRANS прийти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-0-ПРОШ большой-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ [уже] отец-2ЕД height-TRANS near-0-ПРОШ МЕЖД DP так идти-0-ИМПФ-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД от тот herd-3ЕД half forever for большой-TRANS прийти-NONPST
    He went about in the forest and found a herd of wild reindeer. I was not very big, maybe six or seven. He found a herd. The herd of wild reindeer rushed to him. The youth thought: “My parents say that there are no wild animals in the forest, no fish, but it appears there are wild animals and fish in the forest.” Well. He caressed the animals, caressed them all. He caressed them for a short or long time, they all became completely used to him. Just as if they were a tame herd. The animals were at home around him. They lived like that. The animals bore young. The animals gave birth to little ones and they grew. This man of tales, the man of songs grew big. He grew big, he already looks like his father. While he roamed in this way, the herd grew very large.
  • wŭl-li ji-l pa śikəńśa mŏsaj-na ɔme-ŋil-al χŏśa jŏχət-l pa law-t-al ănti: “niŋ lŏχi, law-t-al, mŏla-ji lil-li ɔməs-l-ə-tən? ma, law-t-al, ma ur-na taś tăj-l-ə-m.” jesək χătl ik-iji: “mŏla-ji taś tăj-l-ə-n? katra aś-en ăn tăj-i-li-j-ə-s. ma ăn tăj-i-li-s-ə-m pa năŋ χălśa wŭ-l-en?” śi kem law-t-al: “ɔm-eŋən aś-eŋən, ma itta ur-na jăχ-l-ə-m pa śikəńśa ij ătti ur χɔr sŭjuw jŏχi tŭ-l-em.” itta ńawrem jăŋχ-ə-l pa śikəńśa χɔr sŭjuw kat-l-ə-lli pa jŏχi tu-l-li jŏχi tu-l-li pa śikəńśa aś-el elti, ɔm-el elti et-t-al, law-t-al: “aś-eŋən, ɔm-eŋən, itta nŏχ χŏr-a-lən pa li-l-ew!” śi kem-na aś-el ɔm-el law-ə-l ănti: “mŏla-ji wel-s-en, law-t-al, ăn ki wel-s-en lulən, χɔn χŏśa tŭ-s-ew ki lulən, mɔsəŋ jăm ul-ti jăm lɔt-na mă-s-aj-uw.” śi kem-na law-t-al: “ɔm-iji, al χurij-a-tən, ur-na taś tăj-l-ə-m.” nu śikəńśa, itta wɔj-ə-l li-l-el tɔŋχa mŏlaj-na pa. itta ńawrem śikəńśa jur-ri ji-s, uz wŭl-li ji-s.
    big-TRANS come-NONPST and DP what-LOC mother-DU-3SG to arrive-NONPST and say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG DP 2DU wretched say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG what-TRANS eat-CAR sit-NONPST-0-2DU 1SG say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG 1SG forest-LOC herd have-NONPST-0-1SG holy day old:man-DIM what-TRANS herd have-NONPST-0-2SG before father-2SG NEG have-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-PST 1SG NEG have-0-IMPF-PST-0-1SG and from:where take-NONPST-2SG DP after say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG mother-DU father-DU 1SG that forest-LOC walk-NONPST-0-1SG and DP one DP forest bull calf homewards bring-NONPST-1SG DP child walk-0-NONPST and DP bull calf catch-NONPST-0-SG.3SG and homewards bring-NONPST-SG.3SG homewards bring-NONPST-SG.3SG and DP father-3SG to mother-3SG to show-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG father-DU mother-DU DP up draw-IMP-DU and eat-NONPST-SG.1PL DP after-LOC father-3SG mother-3SG say-0-NONPST DP what-TRANS kill-PST-SG.2SG say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG NEG if kill-PST-SG.1SG SBJV king to bring-PST-SG.1PL if SBJV perhaps good be-NMLZ.IMPF good place-LOC give-PST-PAS-1PL DP after say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG mother-DIM NEG worry-IMP-2DU forest-LOC herd have-NONPST-0-1SG INTJ DP animal-0-3SG eat-0-NONPST-SG.3PL DP what-LOC and that child DP power-TRANS come-PST [already] big-TRANS come-PST
    большой-TRANS прийти-NONPST and DP что-ЛОК мать-ДВ-3ЕД к прибыть-NONPST and сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД DP 2ДВ wretched сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД что-TRANS есть-КАР сидеть-NONPST-0-2ДВ 1ЕД сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД 1ЕД лес-ЛОК herd have-NONPST-0-1ЕД священный день старик-ДИМ что-TRANS herd have-NONPST-0-2ЕД перед отец-2ЕД НЕГ have-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ 1ЕД НЕГ have-0-ИМПФ-ПРОШ-0-1ЕД and from:where взять-NONPST-2ЕД DP после сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД мать-ДВ отец-ДВ 1ЕД тот лес-ЛОК идти-NONPST-0-1ЕД and DP один DP лес бык теленок homewards принести-NONPST-1ЕД DP ребенок идти-0-NONPST and DP бык теленок catch-NONPST-0-ЕД.3ЕД and homewards принести-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД homewards принести-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД and DP отец-3ЕД к мать-3ЕД к show-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД отец-ДВ мать-ДВ DP вверх draw-ИМП-ДВ and есть-NONPST-ЕД.1МН DP после-ЛОК отец-3ЕД мать-3ЕД сказать-0-NONPST DP что-TRANS убить-ПРОШ-ЕД.2ЕД сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД НЕГ if убить-ПРОШ-ЕД.1ЕД СОСЛ king к принести-ПРОШ-ЕД.1МН if СОСЛ perhaps хороший быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ хороший место-ЛОК дать-ПРОШ-ПАС-1МН DP после сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД мать-ДИМ НЕГ worry-ИМП-2ДВ лес-ЛОК herd have-NONPST-0-1ЕД МЕЖД DP животное-0-3ЕД есть-0-NONPST-ЕД.3МН DP что-ЛОК and тот ребенок DP power-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ [уже] большой-TRANS прийти-ПРОШ
    It grew large and one day he went to his father and mother and said: “You poor things live without eating anything, but I have a herd in the forest” “My God why do you have a herd? Your grandfather had none earlier. I had none. Where did you get it from?” He said? “Mother, father, I will go to the forest and will bring home a calf.” The youth went, snatched a calf and brought it home. He showed it to his father and mother and said: “Father, mother skin it and we’ll eat it.” Then his father and mother said: “Why did you kill it? Had you not killed it, we would have taken it to the tsar. Perhaps he would have given us a good place to live.” Then he said: “Mama, don’t be worried, I have a herd in the forest.” They ate that animal. The youth grew strong, he was already big.
  • măn-ə-s χɔn χŏśa. law-i-li-j-ə-l ănti: “măn-em χŏti law-ti pit-l-ə-llən? ma, law-t-al, măn-em mŏla rupata mă-ti pit-l-ə-ti? aś-em aŋk-em ul-m-el ewəlt rupataj-ə-l siməl u-s. ma mɔsəŋ rupataj-ə-m pa tŏχi jŏχət-ti pit-l-ə-m.” nu śikəńśa, itta χɔn law-i-li-j-ə-l ănti: “mŏla-ji ăn wŭ-l-em? năŋ eŋəm-ti ńawrem, χŏl kit-ti pit-l-em pa śiti werit-l-ə-n.” “kit-ti χŏti at kit-l-ə-ŋən, law-ə-l, ma uze, law-t-al, mŭw-ew jiŋk-ew mŏχəl-s-ə-m. ur-na mŏla u-l pa ma ăsa uś-l-em.” śi kem law-i-li-j-ə-l ănti χɔn pa: “śiməś neŋχuj śi mŭŋ-ew mɔs-l. aś-en ul-m-al ewəlt ul-li-j-ə-s pa ur-na mŏla u-s pa ńur ănt uś-l. năŋ pa nes ăsa uś-t-en.” nu śikəńśa, itta ńawrem law-i-l-ij-ə-l ănti: “pa i pŏtərt-a-ti i law-a-ti, mŏsa rupata măn-em mij-a-ti.” śi kem law-t-al: “mŏla rupata mă-l-ə-m. ul-t-em χŭwat ewəlt tăta śi ul-li-s-ə-m pa ma ɔms-ə-m ji-s-em ńil niŋ ji-s, wet χuj ji-s, mŏsa ɔməs-s-ə-m pa jertəp-l-am telna sŭkal-ə-man ul-l-ə-t. aratelna sŭkal-ə-man ul-l-ə-t.” śi kem, law-t-al ănta ătti, “jertəp lŏχ-en wer-l-em, law-t-al. itta χălewət χătl ma năŋ-en ătti taś pɔχəl-na tu-l-em. năŋ măn-em ul-ə-psi mij-a.”
    go-0-PST king to say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST DP 1SG-ACC/DAT how say-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-SG.2PL 1SG say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG 1SG-ACC/DAT what [work] give-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-2PL father-1SG mother-1SG be-NMLZ.PF-3PL from [work]-0-3SG few be-PST 1SG perhaps [work]-0-1SG and to:there arrive-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-1SG INTJ DP that king say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST DP what-TRANS NEG take-NONPST-SG.1SG 2SG grow-NMLZ.IMPF child where send-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-1SG and so can-NONPST-0-2SG send-NMLZ.IMPF how OPT send-NONPST-0-3DU say-0-NONPST 1SG [already] say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG land-1PL water-1PL go:round-PST-0-1SG forest-LOC what be-NONPST and 1SG all find-NONPST-SG.1SG DP after say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST DP king and such person FOC 1PL-ACC/DAT need-NONPST father-2SG be-NMLZ.PF-3SG from be-IMPF-FREQ-0-PST and forest-LOC what be-PST and really NEG find-NONPST 2SG and seems all find-NMLZ.IMPF-SG.2SG INTJ DP that child say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST DP and one speak-IMP-PL one say-IMP-PL what work 1SG-ACC/DAT give-IMP-PL DP after say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG what work give-NONPST-0-1SG be-NMLZ.IMPF-1SG along here FOC be-IMPF-PST-SG.1SG and 1SG sit-0-NMLZ.PF come-PST-SG.1SG four woman come-PST five man come-PST what sit-PST-0-1SG and fence-PL-1SG with break-0-CVB be-NONPST-0-3PL all break-0-CVB be-NONPST-0-3PL DP after say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG DP DP fence wretched-2SG make-NONPST-SG.1SG say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG DP tomorrow day 1SG 2SG-ACC/DAT DP herd herd-LOC bring-NONPST-1SG 2SG 1SG-ACC/DAT be-0-N give-IMP
    идти-0-ПРОШ king к сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ как сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-ЕД.2МН 1ЕД сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ что [работать] дать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-2МН отец-1ЕД мать-1ЕД быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3МН от [работать]-0-3ЕД несколько быть-ПРОШ 1ЕД perhaps [работать]-0-1ЕД and to:there прибыть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД МЕЖД DP тот king сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP что-TRANS НЕГ взять-NONPST-ЕД.1ЕД 2ЕД расти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ ребенок где послать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-1ЕД and так can-NONPST-0-2ЕД послать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ как OPT послать-NONPST-0-3ДВ сказать-0-NONPST 1ЕД [уже] сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД земля-1МН вода-1МН go:round-ПРОШ-0-1ЕД лес-ЛОК что быть-NONPST and 1ЕД весь найти-NONPST-ЕД.1ЕД DP после сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP king and such человек ФОК 1МН-АКК/ДАТ нужно-NONPST отец-2ЕД быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД от быть-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-ПРОШ and лес-ЛОК что быть-ПРОШ and really НЕГ найти-NONPST 2ЕД and seems весь найти-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-ЕД.2ЕД МЕЖД DP тот ребенок сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST DP and один говорить-ИМП-МН один сказать-ИМП-МН что работать 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ дать-ИМП-МН DP после сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД что работать дать-NONPST-0-1ЕД быть-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-1ЕД вдоль здесь ФОК быть-ИМПФ-ПРОШ-ЕД.1ЕД and 1ЕД сидеть-0-НМЛЗ.ПРФ прийти-ПРОШ-ЕД.1ЕД четыре женщина прийти-ПРОШ five мужчина прийти-ПРОШ что сидеть-ПРОШ-0-1ЕД and fence-МН-1ЕД с break-0-КОНВ быть-NONPST-0-3МН весь break-0-КОНВ быть-NONPST-0-3МН DP после сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД DP DP fence wretched-2ЕД делать-NONPST-ЕД.1ЕД сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД DP завтра день 1ЕД 2ЕД-АКК/ДАТ DP herd herd-ЛОК принести-NONPST-1ЕД 2ЕД 1ЕД-АКК/ДАТ быть-0-N дать-ИМП
    He went to the tsar. He said “What are you saying to me? Will you give me some work? While my father and mother lived, they had little work. Perhaps I came here to do my work.” The tsar said: “Why not take it? You are a young man. Where I send you, you will go.” “Send me where you want,” he said, “I have already gone round our water and our land. I know everything which is in the forest.” The tsar said: “We need a man like this. While your father lived, he lived, but ha no idea what was in the forest. You seem to know “everything.” The young man said: “Then tell me what work you will give me.” He said: “I’ll give you work. My whole life I have been here and lived here and while living here I had four women and five men, but my fences are all broken. They are all broken.” “Right,” he said, “I’ll fix your fences. Tomorrow I will bring you the herd, and you give me lodging.”
  • śi kem-na itta χɔn law-t-al ătti ănti: “ma χŏti, law-t-al, kŏńešnŏ, law-t-al, mă-l-em śi. χŭnti ăn mă-l-em. mă-ti χŏti mă-l-em, law-t-al, ma lăŋkər jɔχ-l-am ewəlt ur-na tut-li-j-i ma jɔχ-l-am-na ki want-l-a, ma weləś ewəl-ti pit-l-ə-m.” nu śikəńśa, itta χɔn mitχuj kit-s-a itta ńawrem pil-na. itta ńawrem taś-l lŏχ-el tŏχi ett-ə-s-li, śikəńśa itta χɔn mitχuj tŏχi jŏχt-ə-s pa pŏtər-ti χŏlna ăn werit-l, tal ŭŋl-ə-l pelək răkn-ə-s. law-ə-l: “tăm ńawrem, law-ə-l, śel ŏχ pa, law-ə-l, sɔrńi ŏχ χɔrpi ńawrem ul-m-al. tăm ńawrem χŏti wer-ti răχ-ə-l pa ma ănt uś-l-em.” śi kem-na χɔn law-i-li-j-ə-l: “mŏla ăn wer-ti-ji ătti. wɔs-em i ɔleŋ leśat-l-ə-m. ew-em mă-l-ə-m.” itta ńawrem jăŋχ-ə-mt-ij-ə-l pa śikəńśa itta taś-l χɔn wɔs sil-na nik wɔst-ə-l-li “ew-em wŭj-a, ij ătti wɔs-em ij ɔləŋ wŭj-a.” itta ńawrem śi śŭń-ə-l χul-ə-l-na wek ul-met-l. ma mɔńś-em śi.
    DP after-LOC DP tsar say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG DP DP 1SG how say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG [certainly] say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG give-NONPST-1SG DP when NEG give-NONPST-1SG give-NMLZ.IMPF how give-NONPST-1SG say-NMLZ.IMPF-3SG 1SG shoulder man-PL-1SG from forest-LOC bring-IMPF-FREQ-IMP.SG 1SG man-PL-1SG-LOC if see-NONPST-PAS 1SG right:away believe-NMLZ.IMPF start-NONPST-0-1SG INTJ DP DP king servant send-PST-PAS DP child companion-LOC DP child herd-3SG wretched-3SG there show-0-PST-SG.3SG DP DP king servant there arrive-0-PST and speak-NMLZ.IMPF more NEG can-NONPST mere mouth-0-3SG half tumble-0-PST say-0-NONPST this child say-0-NONPST silver money and say-0-NONPST gold money child like be-NMLZ.PF-3SG this child how make-NMLZ.IMPF be:possible-0-NONPST 1SG NEG find-NONPST-SG.1SG DP after king say-0-IMPF-FREQ-0-NONPST what NEG make-NMLZ.IMPF-TRANS DP town-1SG one end prepare-NONPST-0-1SG girl-1SG give-NONPST-0-1SG DP child walk-0-INCH-FREQ-0-NONPST and DP that herd-3SG king town edge-LOC riverwards drive-0-NONPST-SG.3SG girl-1SG take-IMP one DP town-1SG one end take-IMP DP child FOC wealth-0-3SG prosperity-0-3SG-LOC forever be-INCH-NONPST 1SG story-1SG FOC
    DP после-ЛОК DP царь сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД DP DP 1ЕД как сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД [certainly] сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД дать-NONPST-1ЕД DP когда НЕГ дать-NONPST-1ЕД дать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ как дать-NONPST-1ЕД сказать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-3ЕД 1ЕД shoulder мужчина-МН-1ЕД от лес-ЛОК принести-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-ИМП.ЕД 1ЕД мужчина-МН-1ЕД-ЛОК if видеть-NONPST-ПАС 1ЕД right:away believe-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ начать-NONPST-0-1ЕД МЕЖД DP DP king servant послать-ПРОШ-ПАС DP ребенок товарищ-ЛОК DP ребенок herd-3ЕД wretched-3ЕД там show-0-ПРОШ-ЕД.3ЕД DP DP king servant там прибыть-0-ПРОШ and говорить-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ больше НЕГ can-NONPST mere рот-0-3ЕД half tumble-0-ПРОШ сказать-0-NONPST этот ребенок сказать-0-NONPST серебро money and сказать-0-NONPST gold money ребенок любить быть-НМЛЗ.ПРФ-3ЕД этот ребенок как делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ be:possible-0-NONPST 1ЕД НЕГ найти-NONPST-ЕД.1ЕД DP после king сказать-0-ИМПФ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST что НЕГ делать-НМЛЗ.ИМПФ-TRANS DP город-1ЕД один конец приготовить-NONPST-0-1ЕД girl-1ЕД дать-NONPST-0-1ЕД DP ребенок идти-0-ИНХ-ФРЕКВ-0-NONPST and DP тот herd-3ЕД king город край-ЛОК riverwards drive-0-NONPST-ЕД.3ЕД girl-1ЕД взять-ИМП один DP город-1ЕД один конец взять-ИМП DP ребенок ФОК wealth-0-3ЕД prosperity-0-3ЕД-ЛОК forever быть-ИНХ-NONPST 1ЕД story-1ЕД ФОК
    Then the tsar said: “Naturally, I will vie it. Why shouldn’t I give? I’ll give you all right, but take my man to the forest on your shoulders. If my people see it, I’ll believe it right away.” The tsar’s servants were sent along with the young man. The young man showed them his herd, the servant of the tsar went up to it and could not say anything, he just gaped. He said: “This young man is like silver and like gold. I don’t know what to do with this man.” Then the tsar said: “It can’t be helped. I’ll give half of my city. I’ll give him my daughter.” The young man came and drove the herd to the banks of the tsar’s city. The tsar said: “Take my daughter, take half of my city.” The young man lived long and happily. That was my story.